Nepali alphabets

Nepali Alphabets

Below are the list of Nepali Alphabets that forms our language.

By Bayaga69

Nepali alphabets is comprised of 36 letters. Plus there is something that we call “Aakar” that creates more variety to the letter and word.

Nepali language is formed up of Devanagari script. Most of the words are formed by the script itself and some are derived from English language as well.

The list of Nepali alphabets are as follows:

  • क = ka
  • ख = kha
  • ग = ga
  • घ = gha
  • ङ्ग = nga
  • च = cha
  • छ = chha
  • ज = ja
  • झ = jhha
  • ञ = yan
  • ट  = ta
  • ठ = thha
  • ड  = dda
  • ढ  = ddha
  • ण = ada 
  • त  = ta
  • थ  = tha
  • द  = da
  • ध = dhha
  • न  = na
  • प  = pa
  • फ  = fa
  • ब  = ba
  • भ = bha
  • म  = ma
  • य  =ya
  • र  = ra
  • ल  = la
  • व  = wa
  • श = sa
  • ष  = sha
  • स  = shha
  • ह  = ha
  • छ्य   = chya
  • त्र  = tra
  • ज्ञ  = gya

The “Aakars” that we use are applicable for all above alphabets. Aakars are basically like a suffix that is attached to the alphabets but having no meaning if used without alphabets. Taking “” as an example,below are the “Aakars” that we use:

  • अ  ।।  क  = a || ka
  • आ ।।  का = aa || kaa
  • इ   ।।  कि = e || ki
  • ई   ।। की  = ee || kee
  • उ  ।।  कु  = u || ku
  • ऊ ।।  कू  = uu || kuu
  • ए  ।। के  = ea || ke
  • ऐ  ।। कै  = eai || kai
  • ओ ।। को  = o || ko
  • औ  ।। कौ = oau || koau
  • अं  ।।  कं  = am || kam
  • अः  ।। कः   = aha || kaha

Here we can see the words in front have no meaning if used alone but when combined with “क”, they help in creating new words with new meanings.

Also check the below link for basic nepali words and their english translations:

https://devashishpathak.com.np/common-nepali-words-in-english/

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